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 A PEEL - Parings from seven architectural artifacts of border control in the now “borderless” Schengen Area of Europe.  Of varying historical and personal significance.   MENEN (BE) / NEUVILLE-EN-FERRAIN (FR) ABANDONED CUSTOMS OFFICE   In 2013, Menen forbade public employees to speak French with francophone inhabitants, instructing instead that hand signals should be used if necessary.  The large customs office at the border stands completely abandoned, with signage, documents and office supplies still in place.

A PEEL - Parings from seven architectural artifacts of border control in the now “borderless” Schengen Area of Europe.

Of varying historical and personal significance.

MENEN (BE) / NEUVILLE-EN-FERRAIN (FR) ABANDONED CUSTOMS OFFICE

In 2013, Menen forbade public employees to speak French with francophone inhabitants, instructing instead that hand signals should be used if necessary.

The large customs office at the border stands completely abandoned, with signage, documents and office supplies still in place.

  ŠTÚROVO (SK) / ESZTERGOM (HU) MÁRIA VALÉRIA BRIDGE   The Mária Valéria Bridge has been destroyed longer than it has been standing.  Built in 1895, it has spent 64 years in ruins; demolished, blown up or damaged in political conflict. For a cumulative 55 years it has stood as the link between Slovakia and Hungary.

ŠTÚROVO (SK) / ESZTERGOM (HU) MÁRIA VALÉRIA BRIDGE

The Mária Valéria Bridge has been destroyed longer than it has been standing.

Built in 1895, it has spent 64 years in ruins; demolished, blown up or damaged in political conflict. For a cumulative 55 years it has stood as the link between Slovakia and Hungary.

  GRIMALDI (IT) / MENTON (FR) STRADA STATALE CHECKPOINT   In the wake of the 2011 revolutions in Libya and Tunisia, Nicolas Sarkozy, citing national security, blocked train travel across the Grimaldi/Menton border, preventing hundreds of North African refugees from entering France although they held valid Schengen visas.  Protestors then blocked streets and borders for holidaymakers.

GRIMALDI (IT) / MENTON (FR) STRADA STATALE CHECKPOINT

In the wake of the 2011 revolutions in Libya and Tunisia, Nicolas Sarkozy, citing national security, blocked train travel across the Grimaldi/Menton border, preventing hundreds of North African refugees from entering France although they held valid Schengen visas.

Protestors then blocked streets and borders for holidaymakers.

  NIEDERNDORF (AT) / OBERAUDORF (DE) GRASSY MEDIAN   In 1970 the German village of Oberaudorf and the Austrian Niederndorf passed a referendum to merge their municipalities across the border.  The grassy median marks a form border checkpoint, now laid to rest.

NIEDERNDORF (AT) / OBERAUDORF (DE) GRASSY MEDIAN

In 1970 the German village of Oberaudorf and the Austrian Niederndorf passed a referendum to merge their municipalities across the border.

The grassy median marks a form border checkpoint, now laid to rest.

  ENSCHEDE (NL) / ALSTÄTTE (DE) KNALHUTTEWEG MEDIAN   The road median that remains at the border marks the site of a former customs checkpoint, established in 1852 to allow Alstätte farmers a more direct route to import peat to the industrial center of Enschede.  358 paving stones now growing Sagina Subulata (Irish Moss), Sochus (Sow Thistle), and Tussilago Farfara (Colt’s Foot)

ENSCHEDE (NL) / ALSTÄTTE (DE) KNALHUTTEWEG MEDIAN

The road median that remains at the border marks the site of a former customs checkpoint, established in 1852 to allow Alstätte farmers a more direct route to import peat to the industrial center of Enschede.

358 paving stones now growing Sagina Subulata (Irish Moss), Sochus (Sow Thistle), and Tussilago Farfara (Colt’s Foot)

  KERKRADE (NL) / HERZOGENRATH (DE) NEUSTRASSE / NIEUWSTRASSE TODESZAUN   A small marker memorializes the Todeszaun (Deathfence) put in place to end smuggling and impede deserting German soldiers during the first world war. Smuggling persisted and flourished for decades between Kerkrade and Herzogenrath. Customs officers refused orders to shoot at children, who carried butter and meat under their clothes and kicked balls full of coffee beans to playmates across the border.  After centuries of civil disobedience and protest, in 1991 all remaining barriers were removed.

KERKRADE (NL) / HERZOGENRATH (DE) NEUSTRASSE / NIEUWSTRASSE TODESZAUN

A small marker memorializes the Todeszaun (Deathfence) put in place to end smuggling and impede deserting German soldiers during the first world war.
Smuggling persisted and flourished for decades between Kerkrade and Herzogenrath. Customs officers refused orders to shoot at children, who carried butter and meat under their clothes and kicked balls full of coffee beans to playmates across the border.

After centuries of civil disobedience and protest, in 1991 all remaining barriers were removed.

  DEUTSCHEINSIEDEL (DE) / NOVÁ VES V HORÁCH (CZ) PARTIALLY DEMOLISHED MEDIAN   A road median stands half demolished and partially buried on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic.  It is in digital limbo, cached satellite views of the site show a working customs checkpoint, street views show the demolition after the opening of the border. A visitor in real time sees a mound of fresh soil covering the demolition scars. The striped gate arms have been ripped from their controller boxes and the customs building stands fully intact but abandoned.

DEUTSCHEINSIEDEL (DE) / NOVÁ VES V HORÁCH (CZ) PARTIALLY DEMOLISHED MEDIAN

A road median stands half demolished and partially buried on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic.

It is in digital limbo, cached satellite views of the site show a working customs checkpoint, street views show the demolition after the opening of the border. A visitor in real time sees a mound of fresh soil covering the demolition scars. The striped gate arms have been ripped from their controller boxes and the customs building stands fully intact but abandoned.

A PEEL - Parings from seven architectural artifacts of border control in the now “borderless” Schengen Area of Europe.

Of varying historical and personal significance.

MENEN (BE) / NEUVILLE-EN-FERRAIN (FR) ABANDONED CUSTOMS OFFICE

In 2013, Menen forbade public employees to speak French with francophone inhabitants, instructing instead that hand signals should be used if necessary.

The large customs office at the border stands completely abandoned, with signage, documents and office supplies still in place.

ŠTÚROVO (SK) / ESZTERGOM (HU) MÁRIA VALÉRIA BRIDGE

The Mária Valéria Bridge has been destroyed longer than it has been standing.

Built in 1895, it has spent 64 years in ruins; demolished, blown up or damaged in political conflict. For a cumulative 55 years it has stood as the link between Slovakia and Hungary.

GRIMALDI (IT) / MENTON (FR) STRADA STATALE CHECKPOINT

In the wake of the 2011 revolutions in Libya and Tunisia, Nicolas Sarkozy, citing national security, blocked train travel across the Grimaldi/Menton border, preventing hundreds of North African refugees from entering France although they held valid Schengen visas.

Protestors then blocked streets and borders for holidaymakers.

NIEDERNDORF (AT) / OBERAUDORF (DE) GRASSY MEDIAN

In 1970 the German village of Oberaudorf and the Austrian Niederndorf passed a referendum to merge their municipalities across the border.

The grassy median marks a form border checkpoint, now laid to rest.

ENSCHEDE (NL) / ALSTÄTTE (DE) KNALHUTTEWEG MEDIAN

The road median that remains at the border marks the site of a former customs checkpoint, established in 1852 to allow Alstätte farmers a more direct route to import peat to the industrial center of Enschede.

358 paving stones now growing Sagina Subulata (Irish Moss), Sochus (Sow Thistle), and Tussilago Farfara (Colt’s Foot)

KERKRADE (NL) / HERZOGENRATH (DE) NEUSTRASSE / NIEUWSTRASSE TODESZAUN

A small marker memorializes the Todeszaun (Deathfence) put in place to end smuggling and impede deserting German soldiers during the first world war.
Smuggling persisted and flourished for decades between Kerkrade and Herzogenrath. Customs officers refused orders to shoot at children, who carried butter and meat under their clothes and kicked balls full of coffee beans to playmates across the border.

After centuries of civil disobedience and protest, in 1991 all remaining barriers were removed.

DEUTSCHEINSIEDEL (DE) / NOVÁ VES V HORÁCH (CZ) PARTIALLY DEMOLISHED MEDIAN

A road median stands half demolished and partially buried on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic.

It is in digital limbo, cached satellite views of the site show a working customs checkpoint, street views show the demolition after the opening of the border. A visitor in real time sees a mound of fresh soil covering the demolition scars. The striped gate arms have been ripped from their controller boxes and the customs building stands fully intact but abandoned.

 A PEEL - Parings from seven architectural artifacts of border control in the now “borderless” Schengen Area of Europe.  Of varying historical and personal significance.   MENEN (BE) / NEUVILLE-EN-FERRAIN (FR) ABANDONED CUSTOMS OFFICE   In 2013, Menen forbade public employees to speak French with francophone inhabitants, instructing instead that hand signals should be used if necessary.  The large customs office at the border stands completely abandoned, with signage, documents and office supplies still in place.
  ŠTÚROVO (SK) / ESZTERGOM (HU) MÁRIA VALÉRIA BRIDGE   The Mária Valéria Bridge has been destroyed longer than it has been standing.  Built in 1895, it has spent 64 years in ruins; demolished, blown up or damaged in political conflict. For a cumulative 55 years it has stood as the link between Slovakia and Hungary.
  GRIMALDI (IT) / MENTON (FR) STRADA STATALE CHECKPOINT   In the wake of the 2011 revolutions in Libya and Tunisia, Nicolas Sarkozy, citing national security, blocked train travel across the Grimaldi/Menton border, preventing hundreds of North African refugees from entering France although they held valid Schengen visas.  Protestors then blocked streets and borders for holidaymakers.
  NIEDERNDORF (AT) / OBERAUDORF (DE) GRASSY MEDIAN   In 1970 the German village of Oberaudorf and the Austrian Niederndorf passed a referendum to merge their municipalities across the border.  The grassy median marks a form border checkpoint, now laid to rest.
  ENSCHEDE (NL) / ALSTÄTTE (DE) KNALHUTTEWEG MEDIAN   The road median that remains at the border marks the site of a former customs checkpoint, established in 1852 to allow Alstätte farmers a more direct route to import peat to the industrial center of Enschede.  358 paving stones now growing Sagina Subulata (Irish Moss), Sochus (Sow Thistle), and Tussilago Farfara (Colt’s Foot)
  KERKRADE (NL) / HERZOGENRATH (DE) NEUSTRASSE / NIEUWSTRASSE TODESZAUN   A small marker memorializes the Todeszaun (Deathfence) put in place to end smuggling and impede deserting German soldiers during the first world war. Smuggling persisted and flourished for decades between Kerkrade and Herzogenrath. Customs officers refused orders to shoot at children, who carried butter and meat under their clothes and kicked balls full of coffee beans to playmates across the border.  After centuries of civil disobedience and protest, in 1991 all remaining barriers were removed.
  DEUTSCHEINSIEDEL (DE) / NOVÁ VES V HORÁCH (CZ) PARTIALLY DEMOLISHED MEDIAN   A road median stands half demolished and partially buried on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic.  It is in digital limbo, cached satellite views of the site show a working customs checkpoint, street views show the demolition after the opening of the border. A visitor in real time sees a mound of fresh soil covering the demolition scars. The striped gate arms have been ripped from their controller boxes and the customs building stands fully intact but abandoned.